Sikhism is a monotheistic religion founded in the 15th century in the Punjab region of India and Pakistan. It is based on the teachings of Guru Nanak Dev Ji and the nine Sikh gurus who followed him. The Guru Granth Sahib, the sacred scripture of Sikhism, is considered the eternal guru of the religion and is treated with the utmost respect and reverence.

Sikhs believe in one omnipotent, formless God and the equality of all people. They reject the caste system and idolatry, and they believe in the importance of living a virtuous and honest life. Sikhism also emphasizes the importance of social justice and service to others, and many Sikhs participate in community service and charitable work as a way to fulfill this aspect of their faith.

Sikhs follow several spiritual practices and rituals, including daily prayers, the wearing of the five Ks (symbolic articles of faith), and participation in gurdwara (Sikh temple) services. The Langar, the communal kitchen found in many gurdwaras, is an important aspect of Sikhism, representing the idea of sharing and community.

Sikhs place a strong emphasis on the importance of personal discipline and self-control. They believe in the importance of living a balanced life and maintaining a healthy mind and body. They also strongly emphasize the importance of education and the pursuit of knowledge.

Sikhism is a small but influential religion, with a worldwide following of around 27 million people. It is the fifth-largest religion in the world and is particularly well-represented in India, where it originated.

This Patheos library covers the fundamental beliefs, rituals, customs, culture, and more about Sikhism

Harpreet Singh explains what it means to be a Sikh in today's world.

Quick Facts

Formed 1450
Adherents 23,000,000
Deity God (Ik Onkar) (monotheistic)
Sacred Text Shri Guru Granth Sahib
Origin India
Headquarters Amritsar, Punjab, India
Back to Religion Library